DMOZ Recreation Pets Dogs Breeds Herding Group
Although the official name of the breed is Berger de Beauce (shepherd of the Beauce), they are also known as Bas Rouge ( Red Stockings), but are more commonly referred to as the Beauceron. A large, smooth coated breed, it is still best known in its native France, but can also be found in Belgium, Holland and Germany.
It is said to have originated in a plains region surrounding Paris known "La Beauce" dating back to the 1500's as a livestock herding and guard dog, most often with sheep but also with cattle. In both World Wars the military used this breed on the front lines to run messages as these dogs were undeterred by exploding bombs or military fire. They were also used to pick up trails, detect mines, support commando actions, find the wounded and carry food and ammunition to the front lines.
The Beauceron is still used extensively for herding and livestock protection, as well as sports such as Schutzhund and use by the K-9 police.